Casino Games History or How People Have Learnt to Count Cards; part 1

The dream of capoting a casino is as old as the notion “casino” itself. Every gambler wants to win. Every other invents his own “system”. Every hundredth attempts to carefully analyze the game. And only the few of millions succeed.

The most famous achievement in the sphere of “system” game against the casino was the so called “card counting” at blackjack – mathematically based methods of game allowing to get some advantage over the casino. The casinos, surely, knows about the existence of “counters” and are trying to oppose them – from changing the rules to banning the game. Sometimes even exceeding the limits of reason and legality. In fact, all the history of the blackjack is the struggle between the gamblers and the casino which is more clever.

More than half a century passed since the first attempts of beating the casinos in blackjack, based not on the marked cards and intuition. There has been a peck of salt eaten since then, but the struggle is still going on….


Probably the first person in history who applied mathematic analysis to the game blackjack was Jess Marcum (originally Marcovitch) was born on 30th December 1919.

It happened at the turn of 1949 and 1950, when Jess, being an excellent mathematician and physicist-theorist got to Las Vegas. Then his mathematic flair prompted him that most possibly not everything depends on intuition in blackjack.

Marcum started analyzing blackjack. First, the uniqueness of his attempt is that he performed absolutely all calculations with his pen on the paper, on principle without using any technologies whatever weak they might be at that time. Second he had found the solution!

Jess manually developed what is now called basic strategy and counting systems ten years before someone else has done that. He counted that theoretically he had an advantage over the casino of about 3% -under the conditions of that time it was quite real. Moreover, Markum had been playing blackjack in all known to him casinos- both in the USA and abroad. His name appeared on the pages of the newspapers as an example of “lucky man” who managed to hit the jackpot.

Jess Markum also went down to history as probably the first man thrown out from the casino because of cards. Though at that time casinos did not understand that such system existed. Jess lived in Las Vegas for about a year. The casino owners exchanged the information when they gathered at the general meeting. And they were terrified. After that Markum was not admitted at all Vegas casinos. He went to Reno. The same story- in half a year after unbelievable “luck” the casino owners started making inquiries about the incredible gambler. Then other states and cities. Then Cuba, the Bahamas. Nobody knows how much money he has won during that time. One thing is known for sure- in fact, Jess Markum started the war between the gamblers and casinos in blackjack, that is still going on and getting more and more strained. เว็บพนันบอลต่างประเทศ

He did not share his calculations with anyone, and completely gave up playing against casino after a wide public publication of blackjack methods by other authors.

Jess Markum died in 1992, at the age of 72.

The four of Neanderthals.

The next effort of great influence on the blackjack math was made in 1956 by the group of four mathematicians- Roger Baldwin, Wilbert E. Cantey, Herbert Maisel and James McDermott.

These people had never played in casino before, having spent a great number of m/hr, they created basic strategy of playing blackjack according to the most popular at that time rules and published it together with the calculation methods in the specialized math journal for statisticians – Journal of the American Statistical Association entitled “The Optimum Strategy In Blackjack”.

They made several slight mistakes in calculations which is nothing serious taking into account their enormous contribution. A year later they issued a small book Playing Blackjack to Win, which is now a bibliography rarity.


Keeping Online Casinos Honest

The business of online casinos is hotting up, with more and more traditional casinos taking their gambling and betting online. This presents an opportunity for some easy money for any web surfer who can take the time to sign up to an Internet gambling site.

As an incentive to get us to gamble on their site, casinos are now offering welcome bonuses. As competition gets fiercer, these welcome bonuses are getting larger, and casinos are offering more incentives to encourage users to signup.

The art of scalping – of signing up, taking the bonus, and running – has risen alongside the size of the bonuses. Casinos have fought back by placing restrictions on new users. For example you cannot withdraw your bonus without placing a certain number of wagers, or you need to place at least one wager worth X dollars.

Scalpers retaliated by putting their bonus money into games with the lowest house edge, like Craps, Baccarat, Roulette, and Blackjack. Casinos again stepped up the ante by placing minimum wager restrictions on these games, or lengthening the time period between a new user signing up and being able to withdraw their funds.

So, there is a lot of bonus money available, but the casinos are making it as difficult as they can to get your hands on that cash. This is where a guide from an experienced online gambler comes in handy, and the best one currently available is Casino Cash Cow, by professional online gambler Dan Soulsby.

The Casino Cash Cow guide goes in to detail on how to beat the casinos in the signup bonus game. It comes with a list of casinos giving the best bonuses, and with the most lax restrictions. After covering the basics of signing up and claiming your bonus, Casino Cash Cow goes into the details on how to easily reclaim that money – with interest!

Starting with Blackjack, and then moving on to Roulette once the minimum wager requirements have been met, Casino Cash Cow is an excellent guide for anyone who can spare some time with their web browser and wants to pick up some easy money. For a limited time Dan is also offering his $99 gambling guide for free – just sign up to his newsletter. The newsletter is where Dan shares his tips and updates for his techniques, and is a very valuable and useful resource in it’s own right.

Most casino games are game of chance where both casinos and players have equal chance of winning. But, the fact shows that the casinos are the winner in the long runs. Most players will lose their money back to casino no matter how much he/she wins previously. What actually make the players lose their money to casinos in the long runs? Here are the 3 key factors that cause most players lose their money at the end: house edge, maximum limit and psychology factor. เว็บบอลดีสุด

The House Edge

Like other business, casinos need to ensure they make sufficient profit from their gambling business. That’s why casinos need to have slightly better winning edge compare to players. The mathematical advantage of casino against its players is known as “the house edge”. Casinos place the house edge on each type of games, for example in European Roulette game: it adds a “0” on the wheel making the betting on Big/Small, Odd/Even and Black/Red have a house edge of 2.78%, which means in the long run, the casino will win the 2.78% of the money bet on Big/Small, Odd/Even and Black/Red in Roulette game. If you play on game which has house edge of 5.56% versus 2.78%, meaning that you will lose your money twice as fast as in the second one. Now you know why you lose the money faster in certain games than others?

Maximum Limit

In any casino games, it is very common to have runs of 5, 6 or even 15 consecutive outcomes of black or red, high or low, even or odd; but it does not happen in any casino in the earth to have 50 consecutive equal outcomes. This means that if the casino did not place a maximum betting limit and the player has sufficient money to double his/her betting every time he/she lose, the player will wins back his/her money plus one chip. That’s why the casino protects itself from rich players who play with this strategy by introducing maximum limit on all casino games. If the player keeps double up the betting, he/she will lose money if the outcomes continue turn up to the opposite results and finally hit the maximum limit.

Psychology Factor

Do you notice that most players who win money want to win more; they will continue to stay at table until they lose all their money. The same situation happen on the players who lose money, they will try to cover the money lost by betting more until they lose all money they have in hand. This is the psychology factor that makes the casinos continue to be the winner at long run. The casino won’t fear even you win big money because they know they will get back your winnings plus your money in the long run.

There are many betting strategies that published on various e-books that teach the player how to win money from casino. Theoretically the strategies will work if the player smartly implements the strategies. But the fact shows that most players will turn greedy when they win and forget about their strategies; what they want is continue win and win big. That’s why they forget about the strategies, and bet based on their greedy behavior. This is how most players lose money to casino in the long runs.

5 Things You Need to Remember When Using Sparklers

It’s a simple celebration. What can you do to make it a special celebration? You want everyone at the party to participate. It’s time that you set those sparklers alight!. Now hold on before you start handing out sparklers and lighters to all your guests, there are some things you need to know to keep everyone safe. Pink Sparklers

  • The most important thing when you are lighting sparklers is the timing. Select them depending on the event and the people around you. 36″ sparklers burn for the longest amount of time. They typically burn for 3-4 minutes. For this reason they are normally used as wedding sparklers. For occasions like birthdays, you might not need sparklers to burn for such a long period. You can use 20″ and 14″ for that purpose.
  • Sparklers are generally safe. Safer than most other fireworks at least. However, this does not mean that you can be totally carefree. Whatever you do, NEVER let young children light them on their own. Similarly, they are not for children under 5 years. Always have a pail of water around to dispose of them properly.
  • Colored sparklers hold a lot of significance. If you are lighting them in a wedding, go for the gold 36″ sparklers.
  • It is also important that you light them properly. Never use matches to light sparklers. Not only will they make lighting more difficult, but they also guarantee more risks of potential fire hazards. For lighting purposes, push button butane torches work best. They come in many hand held sizes and are fairly simple to use.
  • The last thing you need to remember is how to correctly dispose of the sparklers. You may not notice until you step on a hot sparkler wire bare footed, but sparklers remain hot for several minutes after they burn out. Since they burn at very high temperatures, careless discarding of sparklers can lead to hazardous situations. Put a bucket of water near you. Dip them in it before throwing them into a trash receptacle but do not throw them in with other garbage. Instead gather them in a place and make sure they have completely burnt out and then throw them away.

Top Logo Design Trends: Rounding Up 2013 Till Now

A logo design can be considered as one of the area which looks like a tad too easy in layman’s eyes. But in its execution, it can be very difficult if it is not properly designed. The subject of logo involves anything and everything about grabbing attention. It becomes a huge challenge for the logo designers to successfully mold the logo by taking all the essential ingredients of the brand identity and execute it for grabbing everybody’s attention.

The main trick of building a logo is all about creating one which is going to last for ages and should get etched in the minds of the target audience even if the company meets its demise. This article would take up some of the elements which are found to be prevalent in the logos created in 2013. Getting acquainted with those elements ould help you prepare for the coming years.

The Elements Which Have Changed the Look of Logo This Year

The Finer sides of Fonts

If you are heavily into Logo Designs, you are expected to be aware of the font types. Some of the most commonly used fonts for logo design are Lucinda, Tahoma and Verdana but they are not the only one. There are a number of fonts which are seen to be used this year. The new logo design for Yahoo introduces fonts like Optima, which totally changes the company’s outlook. You will also find the new fonts for logos online such as the Aesthetique as well as the Operator. The most popular fonts which have being used for Logos this year till now include the likes of FiddleSongbirdAxe and Anguilette. A thorough research online can help you find not only the stated ones but more.

The illustrated face of Logo

Hand drawn illustrations are making a comeback this year. Gone are the days when designers used the stock illustrations and photos to come up with a clone called a logo. This year has seen certain changes from this perspective. Logo Designers around the world are using specially designed illustrations to come up with mind-blowing logos. These logos have helped in bringing out the emotional appeal from the right target audience. Logo Design Dubai

The logos are extensively influenced by the advertisements which they by themselves represent. They have more influence on the target audience than the ones being created with the use of stock images.

The Use of Color and hues

This particular year focuses more on the brightest and boldest of the hues and tones. The main purpose of the logo designer is to use certain colors which would grab the attention in a jiffy. The colors this year focused on that of the brand color. The main emphasis was to use a color which can hold on to the brand identity of the targeted product.

Getting in Shape by an In-Home Personal Training

If we heard about in-home personal training, what comes in our mind? Everyone has been involved with fitness training, due to the increasing number of health problems. However, the downside of the story, aside from valuing our health, it also affects our daily expenses. In fact, we must live a healthier lifestyle and be responsible enough to learn how we spend our money wisely. We all know that visiting a gym or fitness center, it involves monthly fees and annual charges for additional health benefits. And in order for us to compensate all our needs, we must learn how to get in shape by not sacrificing our basic needs.

And this is how in-home personal training comes in. What can we get from it? There are few factors that help us if we indulge ourselves in personal training at home instead of going in a gym.

Read more: female personal trainer dubai

First, in-home personal training provides convenience and most importantly, we spend less. In terms of fitness goals or fitness results, there is no difference between fitness centers and on-location personal training. The only difference is that some personal trainers will bring fitness equipment at your home. Others won’t carry any fitness equipment because clients have their own gym equipment to be used during their training. This type of training is beneficial in your part because you won’t worry anymore about your car expenses, about monthly gym fees and annual fees.

Second, in-home personal training is a big advantage if you are a stay-at-home mom, disabled, injured and baby boomer. Time can be a hindrance for you to visit any fitness centers. Therefore, personal training at home is very helpful for you. Instead of traveling back and forth, all you need to do is to prepare necessary errands or household chores while waiting for your fitness trainer. This can be an advantage as well, if you have injuries. Because personal training at home, can ease your worries if there is no one who can accompany you to go out. With personal training at home, all you need to do is wait and be prepared with your fitness workout plans.

And lastly, in-home personal training will also give you the same results in terms of your fitness goal. You can still achieve the same goal even if you are not in a gym setting. Your fitness improvement relies on your fitness trainer. Your trainer and with the help of your determination and discipline, you’ll get the fitness goal that you want.

Health Benefits of Hemp Oil

Hemp is also known as industrial hemp. It is basically an organic plant. Hemp oil is a source of nutrition and is also used in the cosmetic world. It is used in food and cosmetics. The Cannabis is made from the hemp plant that is also used in the aromatherapy practices. All forms of cannabis oil come from the food grains strains of hemp. The hemp seed contains all the nutrients and fatty acids that are useful for health. Hemp oil contains the plant seed that helps from various health issues. There are various benefits of the hem oil. The first benefit is protecting the health of the skin. Cannabis oil is made from the hemp seeds that are beneficial for your health. It is highly nutritious and healthy for the skin. CBD Hemp oil contains fatty acids and vitamins that keep your skin healthy. It also prevents any acne breakouts as well.

Moreover, these fatty acids in cannabis oil also help to nourish the skin. They protect the skin from inflammation and oxidation. It also improves any signs of ageing. The next benefit of Cannabis is that it enhances the beauty of your skin and avoids every type of infection. Many people also suggest that hemp oil is a beneficial treatment for various skin problems. It includes acne, inflammatory skin conditions and many more infections. Another benefit of Cannabis is that they are also helpful for the brain. The fatty acids used in Cannabis are also beneficial for brain health. Hemp oil has various richer compounds that are very useful and protects the brain.

The next benefit of Cannabis is that they are good for the health of the heart. It also proved that Cannabis has positive effects on health. It includes the improvement of high blood pressure and maintains cholesterol levels.

Additionally, Cannabis oil gives natural pain relief and protects it from inflammation. Cannabis is best for those who do not want to take any prescribed medicines. It is one of the counter relief solutions. Hemp oil also treats many severe types of pains. However, it is also best for acne. Hemp oil provides a great balance to your skin and prevents any inflammation. The plant matter in Cannabis also helps to clear the acne. The main benefit of hemp oil is that it also helps to reduce stress and tensions. It also improves muscle tension. The fatty acids in the hemp oil also relieve any tension and promote great health. Hemp seed and oil gives a great taste that may be added in many food items like salad dressings, dips, cold pasta and many other dishes. They can also be used to treat many skin related problems like acne, eczema and more.

There are many people in the world that use Cannabis to treat many problems like malaria, asthma, infections and many others. They also use cannabis oil to treat indigestion. It also heals the external wounds on the body. Hemp oil is environment-friendly. It is also used by many companies to produce fabrics. The hemp oil includes many unsaturated fats and fatty acids. It also contains vitamins, minerals and proteins which is best for any supplementary diet. Many clinical treatments also used hemp oil like burns and severe skin problems. It helps your body from various diseases.

ดูหนังออนไลน์ ความสนุกผ่านหน้าจอเลือกเว็บดูหนังให้ดี รับรองฟิน


ในช่วงที่ผ่านมาประเทศของเรา และ ทั่วโลกประสบกับวิกฤตการระบาดของไวรัสโคโรน่าหรือ COVID 19เพื่อเป็นการยับยั้งการแพร่ระบาดของไวรัส จึงต้องมีการหยุดงานอยู่บ้าน หรือ บางคนที่ไปในพื้นที่เสี่ยงมาก็ต้องกักตัว 14 วัน และ กิจกรรมยอดฮิตระหว่างที่อยู่บ้าน นั่นคือ การดูหนังออนไลน์ ซึ่งมีหลายเว็บให้คุณได้เลือกกันด้วย งั้นเรามาดูกันว่า เราจะเลือกเว็บในการดูหนังได้อย่างไรบ้าง

การเลือกเว็บดูหนังออนไลน์ มีวิธีการเลือกอย่างไร

คุณจะต้องเลือกเว็บที่มีการอัพเดตอยู่ตลอดเวลา เพราะว่าเว็บที่ดีจะอัพเดตหนังให้คุณได้เลือกดูอย่างจุใจ ทั้งหนังเก่า หนังใหม่ และต้องมีหนังให้เลือกดูหลายประเภทด้วย เพราะแต่ละคนมีความชอบไม่เหมือนกัน

เลือกเว็บดูหนังออนไลน์ที่มีโฆษณาแต่พอดีเป็นเรื่องธรรมดาที่จะต้องมีโฆษณาสนับสนุนกันบ้าง แต่ถ้ารกจนปิดบังหนัง หรือ ระหว่างดูหนังมีโฆษณาบ่อยเกินไป ก็ทำให้เสียอรรถรสในการดูหนังเช่นกัน

คุณภาพของหนัง ถือเป็นสิ่งสำคัญที่ช่วยให้คุณนั้นได้ดูหนังอย่างที่คุณชื่นชอบ แบบคมชัด ไม่สะดุด รับรองเลยว่า คุณจะได้รับความสนุกอย่างเต็มที่ แม้ว่าจะเป็นหนังใหม่ที่ฉายแค่ในโรง ก็ต้องให้ดูแบบรู้เรื่อง มีภาพที่พอเห็นชัดด้วย

การดูหนังออนไลน์ผ่านเว็บ ต้องดูได้อย่างต่อเนื่อง ไม่สะดุด มีการตรวจสอบลิงค์ของหนังอยู่ตลอดเวลา คนที่เข้ามาดูเว็บ สามารถแจ้งเสียกับผู้ดูแลเว็บได้ สามารถแก้ไขลิงค์ได้ทันกับความต้องการ

นี่คือ หลักการเลือกเว็บหนังออนไลน์ที่คุณนั้นสามารถเลือกได้ด้วยตนเอง และ สำหรับใครที่ไม่รู้ว่าจะการดูหนังออนไลน์ให้ประโยชน์อะไรกับคุณบ้าง วันนี้เราจะมาพูดกัน

ประโยชน์ของการดูหนังออนไลน์ มีอะไรบ้าง

การดูหนังออนไลน์ คุณสามารถดูได้ทุกที่ทุกเวลา ไม่ว่าอยู่ที่ไหนก็ตาม และ ส่วนใหญ่แล้วไม่ต้องเสียเงินในการดูด้วย มีอิสระในการดูได้อย่างเต็มที่

ไม่ต้องรอคิวเข้าโรงหนัง ไมต้องเบียดเสียด อยากดูตอนไหนก็เปิดคอม หรือ ดูในมือถือที่เชื่อมต่ออินเทอร์เน็ตได้เลย จะดูกี่ครั้ง กี่รอบ จะหยุดตอนไหนก็ได้

ตอบโจทย์ทุกความต้องการ ผ่อนคลายได้เต็มที่ เพราะว่าสามารถเลือกดูได้อย่างอิสระนั่นเอง เรียกว่า ตอบโจทย์ทุกความต้องการได้เลย

นี่คือ ประโยชน์ที่คุณได้รับจากการดูหนังออนไลน์ หากคุณเลือกเว็บดูหนังออนไลน์ได้ดี จะทำให้คุณมีความสุขในการดูหนังมากยิ่งขึ้น เติมเต็มวันหยุดของคุณให้มีความสุขได้ตามที่ต้องการ



A Few Helpful Hints That Financial Services Can Make You Understand

Working hard to earn your keep in a day to day setting might sometimes seem that you are working for survival. A person’s wages are meant to cover everyday expenses after taking away the savings he is supposed to set aside for the future. Yet due to the fact that we are human and that it is in our nature to never by fully satisfied or content, we end up touching what we have saved up for the supposed future. It is not being implied that we should be deprived of our wants, however our primary source of income should be intended for primary needs too. This is exactly what experts in financial services will most likely reiterate to you. Portafina

One advice that could be offered by an agent that offers financial services would be to never depend on your single source of income. Instead, make wise investments to start a second source of income that you can use to spend for your wants. This way, your main income source which is probably your day job, will guarantee that all your needs will be covered, and your wants will be satisfied by your secondary source. Professional advisers will be able to assist you in choosing where to invest your money so that you will be able to gain some extra cash apart from the one you have as a regular job.

Another wise advice would be to budget your earning by securing your savings first and spending what is left of it, instead of spending your salary first, and saving what is left of it. This way, you have your savings prioritized over your expenses. By following this advice, you will be compelled to work with what you have after you have kept your savings safe. The advantage of this would be that you will always have available funds whenever there is an emergency or it’s time to purchase something you have been saving up for.

Hiring an investment advisor will be one of the best decisions you have ever made in your lifetime. They will be able to lead you towards financial stability if ever you are lucky enough to hire one who is both trustworthy and reliable. You will be given more useful advices like the ones mentioned above if you ever choose to take advantage of these services. The most important point here is that you should value your paycheck enough to consider getting professional help in order for you to generate more income for your family and for your future.

Why Online Casino Gambling?

The revolution in the world of gambling happened awhile ago when first online casinos started to appear on the Internet in 1996-1997. Almost immediately, online casinos attracted a lot of attention from both public and mass media. It was something new, something different, and so tempting to try for everybody who had access to the Internet. In the end online casino gambling proved to be so convenient, so secure and so advantageous entertainment for millions of people that it has become one of the fastest growing sectors of Internet commerce.

These days you will find thousands of online gambling sites on the Internet with more being opened every month. The most visible difference between online and land based casinos is that online players can play their favorite casino games on the computer in the safe and familiar environment of their home. All online casinos provide customers with detailed information on the site, and a quick guide on how to play at the casino. Some online casinos will offer articles on various game strategies, and detailed information about rules of the games, so novice players can feel at ease while getting themselves familiar with the gambling parlor, its rules and policies. At land based casinos beginner players frequently feel intimidated by the noisy and busy environment, numerous service personnel and gate security guards. They often feel confused, intimidated and lost in the vast building space, being unable to enjoy the gaming process and to concentrate on the game itself. Online casinos allow players to practice, to hone their gaming skills and to slowly adapt to the new environment at their own pace. Most online casinos allow you free play tries so you can find out for yourself if this casino is what you are looking for. You can even play for real money without the risk to lose your savings by using no deposit bonuses offered by some online casinos as incentives for new players. UFABET

Another advantage of online casinos may not be so visible, but it is a very important one. The odds of winning a game at online casinos are usually slightly higher, than at land based casinos. Due to lower maintenance costs for online casinos, they have been able to operate with fewer expenses 24 hours a day, without any days-off. According to the Casino Journal Magazine, the average payout for land based casinos is around 89%, which means that out of every dollar wagered at the casino, 89 cents are paid out to winning customers. At the same time, it is not rare to see payouts reaching 96-98% for online casinos, which means more payouts to playing customers!

Another feature which makes online casinos so attractive is promotional bonuses and no deposit credits available at many of them. Using these incentives wisely, you can play games and have fun with the casino money thus saving some of your own.

Be aware that besides reputable ca


Is Free Essay Writing a Good Idea?

If you have an entrepreneurial mindset and you are a student, one of the quickest ways you can grow your business is by offering services that many people do not like to do themselves. Some of these can include proofreading and editing and let us not forget, writing. However, you may want to be a little careful if you are considering offering things like free essay writing as a way to boost business and get your name out there. Something to think about of course is that there will be those that will want to take the writing that you do and pass it off as their own. Not only will this damage your credibility, you will not be able to use the piece that you have written for your own portfolio. Feel free to read the following sample essays.

Something else to think about when it comes to free essay writing is that done for a long enough period of time, it will be something that gets around and will be something that people will expect of you. So when you start charging for your writing, you will experience a drop in business and clientele. However, you may experience this anyways because you will always want to ensure that you have a disclaimer noting that what you write is for informational purposes only.

Another thing to think about when it comes to free essay writing is that because it is free, you may want to put a limit on how much you are willing to write. The last thing you need is for somebody wanting to have you write a 12,000 page essay for free. Ideally, a small sample of your writing skills should be sufficient anywhere from 500 to 1000 words. No more as you would spend more of your time writing that getting new clients.

One other thing to think about is that ultimately, you need to be careful because the university most likely will take a rather dim view of your business and you will have issues when it comes to your own academic reputation. So you may want to avoid free essay writing altogether.